Water Bore Holes
Drinking water is in very short supply in many regions of the world, the people who live in drought effected regions are much more aware of the value of drinking water than us in the UK, where drinking water is often wasted.
The environment agency estimates that the average household uses 180,000 litres of water, per year. Consequently, the cost of water is rising, added with the affects of global warming and disruption to rain patterns many people are seeking to sink their own water boreholes.
The number of individual households seeking permission to install a borehole has grown dramatically in recent years.
A Bore Hole will give you cool pure water for ever and it will be free. Industry annually extracts around 33 thousand megalitres per day, (a megalitre being one million litres), 47% for public water supply and 34% for the electricity supply industry.
Firstly you will need to establish where there is a source of water and will a borehole
provide the quantity of you need. The British Geological Survey for a fee, will prepare
a Water Borehole Prognosis Report for the site, based on geological and hydro-
Do I need a License to extract water?
In England and Wales, every household can extract 20,000 litres per day from a borehole without license or permission, though , in some areas groundwater resources may already be fully utilised and there may be restrictions on where and how much additional water can be pumped. You can contact your local office of the Environment Agency to find out whether you will need to apply for a licence, and they will also provide details about how to obtain one. In Scotland, an authorisation for groundwater abstraction is required. More information can be obtained from your local office of the Scottish Environment Protection Agency.
Costs to install a borehole
If permission is granted by the authorities, drilling can take place. This can last
a number of days and sometimes boreholes are up to 80 metres deep. The cost of drilling
and lining a borehole is typically £60-
Pipes are then installed which have a filter at the bottom to remove basic impurities. A motorised pump at the top pumps the water from the bottom and then along the pipe to the house. A filter above ground removes further impurities, and then it is ready for use.
Putting together all of the above, a shallow 20 metre high quality borehole will cost between £5000 to £6000. A deeper borehole of 70 metres will cost around £9000, but this means that you will have access to pure drinking water and will no longer pay fees to a water supply company. Also, deep aquifers do not run dry even in draught conditions.
What are the running costs
The electricity needed to power the borehole pump, any booster pump that you may have, and to power the UV unit should you have one installed, should only cost a few pence per day.
The usage of the consumable or renewable elements in your installation (i.e filter cartridges and UV bulbs), will only need replacing on an annual basis (depending to some extent on the quality of the natural water from the borehole) and again, will add up to only a very few pence per day.
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