Central Heating Thermostats
The right heating controls will let you keep your home at a comfortable temperature without wasting fuel or heat, so you’ll reduce your carbon dioxide emissions and spend less on heating bills.
A room thermostat, be it a simple or fully programmable wireless model is a vital part of your central heating system. Unfortunately many people often find them confusing, and struggle to program them the way they would really like, which means that the heating system is not running at its most efficient.
It is a good idea to upgrade or install new heating controls if they are over 12 years old, newer thermostats are much more energy efficient than they used to be.
A thermostat is essentially an built in thermometer and on/off switch combined, and the right controls will let you set your heating and hot water to come on and off when you need them. A room thermostat works by measuring the surrounding air temperature and adjusting boiler operation to suit the selected temperature, heat just the areas of your home you want, and decide how warm you want each area to be.
Room thermostats sense the temperature via the flow of air, so to maintain accurate readings ensure they are not put near heat sources or blocked by furniture or curtains.
For the best energy efficient home, you should set your thermostat to the lowest comfortable temperature. Try turning your thermostat down a degree or two and seeing if you still feel comfortable.
Also, you don’t need to turn your thermostat up when it is colder outside, the house will heat up to the set temperature whatever the weather. It may take a little longer on colder days, so you might want to set your heating to come on earlier in the winter.
Digital or Mechanical thermostats
A mechanical or digital room thermostat generally refers to the way in which the temperature is recorded within the thermostat.
In simple terms a mechanical thermostat works much like a normal mercury based thermometer, whereas a digital one works using a thermistor which then converts the readings into an accurate digital readout.
A mechanical thermostat often maintains temperatures higher than required due to
their inherent inaccuracy. If the room temperature is 1°C higher than the set-
Conversely when the heating is off, mechanical thermostats are slow to respond and
the room temperature can fall between 3-
Digital technology has helped to improve the accuracy of temperature measurement and therefore control. Accuracy of greater than 1°C is the norm. Rooms rarely exceed the target temperature and energy use is therefore minimised. Conversely the heating comes back on as soon as the temperature falls maintaining an energy efficient temperature and keeping occupants comfortable.
Thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs)
Get a comfortable temperature right through the house by fitting thermostatic valves to your radiators.
They work by sensing the air temperature in the room and adjusting radiator heat output accordingly.
Set them to the level you want for the room: a lower setting uses less energy and so will save you money.
Most of us have a central heating system controlled by an electronic thermostat, but by fitting thermostatic valves to each individual radiator, will allow you to set individual radiators to lower settings such as in bedrooms where you may prefer a lower temperature.
You could even turn them off completely when a room is not in use. If you do, remember to close the door, otherwise warm air will escape into there from the adjoining hallway or landing and reduce any savings. Also, watch out for condensation/dampness occurring in these rooms.
If your hot water is stored in a cylinder, a cylinder thermostat controls the heat supply from the boiler to the hot water cylinder. Once the water has reached the temperature you have set, the heat supply from the boiler will be turned off. Turning a cylinder thermostat to a higher setting will not make the water heat up any faster, how quickly the water heats up depends on the design of the heating system.
It is generally cheaper to heat hot water only when you require it. If a cylinder is properly insulated, hot water will keep hot for up to 12 hours, so set the boiler to operate at times when you need to draw off large amounts of hot water. Cylinder thermostats have temperature scales marked. You should set them at around 65ºC, this is hot enough to kill off any bacteria in the water, but its also not hot enough to scald.
A separate hot water time switch will let you heat the right amount of water at the
right time, and take advantage of off-
Set your water to heat up only when you need it: keeping it constantly hot uses energy. The better insulated your tank, the longer your water will stay hot.
Your boiler will usually have a dial on it, marked in numbers or from Min to Max. This thermostat controls the temperature of the water that is sent from the boiler around the radiators in your home. The higher it is, the quicker and more effectively the heating system will heat your home.
If you have room thermostats and thermostatic valves fitted to radiators, you can set the boiler thermostat quite high, letting the room controls manage each room.
Programmable Room Thermostats
The main additional feature of a programmable thermostat over a conventional room
thermostat is the ability to set different temperatures at different times of the
day, known as comfort levels. By offering greater control and flexibility in the
number of possible temperature set-
If you insulate your home, it will warm up more quickly and cool down more slowly, so you’ll save money on heating. By being able to actually program different comfort levels throughout the day it not only enables full control over your heating requirements but it is also a great way to improve energy efficiency. Also, most models will let you set the central heating and domestic hot water to go on and off at different times, and may have manual overrides.
Controls for electric storage heaters
Electric storage heaters use off-
The thermostatic input switch should be adjusted to predict how cold the following night and day will be. If a heater runs out of heat in the evening while you still need it, or if the weather gets colder, you may need to turn the Input dial up. Experiment with the input setting to find the best balance to forecast the outside temperature. If you expect the same weather for long durations it is not necessary to change the input switch regularly.
The output switch should be turned to minimum at night to retain heat inside the bricks. You can probably do this quite early, maybe an hour before you go to bed, as it will take a while for the heater and the room to cool down. To maintain temperature in the house during the day the output switch can be slowly increased. More heat will convect out of the heater by increasing output. Output should be minimum if the house is empty during the day and switched back up when the room is occupied.
When summer comes and you don’t need the heaters any more, turn them off at the wall, not just by turning the dials to zero.
About 70 percent of the water we use inside our homes is used in the bathroom, there are so many ways you can help preserve the Earth's most precious resource.
Solar powered electricity systems, or solar photovoltaic's (PV) catch the sun's energy using photovoltaic panels. The cells in the panels convert the light into electricity, which can be used to run household appliances and lighting.
Cut Energy Waste To The Bone, Go Green, And Lower Your Utility Bills by Up To 50%
Learn How To Apply Advanced Conservation Methods And Products To Your Existing Home.
Makes Solar, Wind, And Other Renewable
Energy Systems Cost Half As Much!
The Most Powerful and Most Efficient Way To Generate Natural Clean Electricity Was Discovered In 1901! But When “BIG ENERGY” Realised They Couldn’t Meter It And Charge YOU For It! They Buried The Discovery And Had The Government Label It As “CLASSIFIED”